TREES AND OUR CLIMATE: HOW TREES AFFECT THE WEATHER
Did you know that trees affect our climate, and therefore our weather, in three primary ways? They lower temperatures, reduce energy usage and reduce or remove air pollutants. The clever people over at HowStuffWorks explain:
Leaves help turn down the thermostat through a process called evapotranspiration. Evapotranspiration is the combination of evaporation and transpiration, both of which release moisture into the air. Through this process, a large oak tree is capable of transpiring 40,000 gallons (181,844 litres) of water into the atmosphere during one year. Source: Unsplash/Dan Otis
EACH PART OF THE TREE CONTRIBUTES TO CLIMATE CONTROL, FROM LEAVES TO ROOTS
- Leaves help turn down the thermostat. They cool the air through a process called evapotranspiration. Evapotranspiration is the combination of two simultaneous processes: evaporation and transpiration, both of which release moisture into the air. During evaporation, water is converted from liquid to vapour and evaporates from soil, lakes, rivers and even pavement. During transpiration, water that was drawn up through the soil by the roots evaporates from the leaves. It may seem like an invisible process to our eyes, but a large oak tree is capable of transpiring 40,000 gallons of water into the atmosphere during one year [source: USGS].
- Leaves also filter particles from the air, including dust, ozone, carbon monoxide and other air pollutants. Through the process of photosynthesis, trees remove carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) and release oxygen into our air. Trees store the carbon dioxide, called carbon sequestration, and — depending on the size of the tree — can hold between 35 (15.9kg) to 800 pounds (363kg) of carbon dioxide each year [source: EPA]
- The outdoor air conditioning provided by trees reduces the energy used inside your home or office. Shade provided by strategically planted deciduous trees cools buildings during the warm months, allows the sun’s warming rays to shine through its branches in the winter and also protects buildings from cold winds. With some planning, urban trees can help minimise the heat island effect* that saddles many cities.
*Heat islands are cities that are often several degrees warmer than the suburbs because the urban areas generate and trap heat. Studies of Atlanta found that temperatures downtown were 5 to 8 degrees hotter than those in the suburbs. This, in turn, increased the number of local storms [source: NASA].
Leaves filter particles from the air, including dust, ozone, carbon monoxide and other air pollutants. Through the process of photosynthesis, trees remove carbon dioxide and release oxygen into our air. Trees store the carbon dioxide, called carbon sequestration. Source: Unsplash/Andreas Gücklhorn
OTHER IMPORTANT THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT TREES
Other important things to know about trees is that they aren’t our saviours from urban smog. Photochemical smog is smog caused when sunlight and chemical compounds such as car exhaust combine. Trees contribute to this when they release organic gases.
Additionally, planting trees as a solution to climate change — a practice commonly linked to carbon offsets — may have a positive impact on global temperature control only when planted in the tropics, a thin geographical belt around the equator.
Normally, trees help cool the planet by absorbing carbon dioxide as part of the photosynthesis process and by evaporating water into the air. In the tropics, water evaporates naturally from trees, increasing cloud cover and keeping temperatures cooler. Outside of the tropics, however, researchers are finding that forests trap heat because their dense, dark canopies absorb sunlight.
But aside from those couple of small details, were sure you’ll agree that trees are generally a good thing. And not just for shade, either.